Its epistemology (pramana) and metaphysics is similar to that of the Sāṅkhya school. The metaphysics of Classical Yoga, like Sāṅkhya, is mainly dualistic, positing that there are two distinct realities. Each person has a person puruṣa, which is their true self, the witness and the enjoyer, and that which is liberated.
From Samkhya, the Yoga Sutras adopt the “reflective discernment” (adhyavasaya) of prakrti and purusa (dualism), its metaphysical rationalism, as nicely its three epistemic strategies of gaining dependable data. The third concept Yoga Sutras synthesize into its philosophy is the ancient ascetic traditions of meditation and introspection, in addition to the yoga ideas from middle Upanishads such as Katha, Shvetashvatara and Maitri. The follow of yoga has been thought thus far back to pre-vedic Indian traditions; probably within the Indus valley civilization round 3000 BCE.
Hatha yoga is probably the most extensively practiced sort in the U.S. and is great … Read More